Submitted by Darren Smith, Weekend Contributor
The culmination of numerous examples of barriers of entry into the marijuana industry in Washington State along with regulatory costs, high taxation, competition from medical marijuana dispensaries, the well-established illegal market, and uncertainty is hampering implementation and legalization. From an investor perspective of market forces, the risks might be too high to attract further interest and this could halt or at least greatly slow growth.
In what could be a strong indicator, the Washington Liquor Control Board, which is charged by statute with licensing and regulating the industry, reported recently that the large majority of applications currently in the review process for acquiring a marijuana permit have stopped.
The Board issued warning letters to fifty six applicants giving the businesses sixty days to schedule an interview with a licensing inspector to move forward with the licensing process. But recently few had finished the process. The Board claims that businesses have also failed to provide suitable retail locations that would be acceptable to the board. Earlier there were several reports that the Board had made the process difficult for applicants by requiring, among other things, leases to be signed before the location approval was granted. Other, almost nonsensical actions included a Belleview applicant that was told he could not set up shop because the location was too close to a youth center. That “youth center” happened to be the administrative headquarters of a youth charity.
Further complicating the matter has been a slew of municipalities, both city and county, that passed indefinite moratoriums, outright bans, or untenable zoning ordinances putting pressure on previously approved applicants, who were assigned exclusive territories, to find effective alternative means to locate or in most cases effectively dissuading their further consideration. The courts have further added to the mess by upholding restrictions, including input from the State Attorney General’s office issuing an opinion stating Initiative 502’s language did not pre-empt banning by ordinance marijuana industries within their jurisdiction.
In the early stages the Board issued fifty seven retail marijuana licenses of which thirty two stores have actually opened for business. That was statewide. Specifically in the City of Seattle, where the Board permitted thirty two slots to be allocated by future applicants, only one retailer presently has opened, Cannabis City south of the downtown area.
At the beginning of the licensing process, hundreds of entities submitted entries into a lottery the Board held to award application slots for consideration during the licensing process. The Board believes many of these entries were by speculators expecting to then sell the award on a secondary market. The secondary market then collapsed. Some of the numbers of the entries could have been inflated as it was revealed in some cases individuals submitted multiple entries or assigned proxies to do so on their behalf. When the Board announced that transfers would not be considered unless the business was in operation and the subsequent transferee then submitted to the same background check.
The Board claimed if applicants did not arrange for a the meeting with the background investigator after the sixty day warning period, they would forfeit their slot and it would be allocated to the next highest applicant in the lottery for their consideration.
The matter is further complicated by supply issues from producers (growers) to retail licensees open for businesses. Some shops are now intermittently closing due to lack of product. The Board states they are working with potential growers to help alleviate the supply problem but the issues facing many of the retailers are likely affecting that producer side of the supply chain.
In one example of the regulatory risk producers might be facing is artificial controls imposed by the Board upon producers. One medium sized early adopter received notification from the Board that ten percent of their potential capacity needed to be unallocated for production. The Board claimed that it was needed to control oversupply problems in the market. Later, Board director Rick Garza made a statement during an interview with the press that “Washington does not have a supply problem.” After the first few days, most retailers ran out of stock.
Regulatory risk poses another dissuasive element toward growth in any industry.
The problem with supply by artificial capacity controls by a state agency is likely, at least significantly, due to mandates by the U.S. Justice Department which expressed concern about interstate trafficking between states having prohibitions. The feds made threats of intervention if the states, including Colorado, had overcapacity or oversupply that could lead to illegal export. To avoid this it is likely the Board then became overly aggressive in curtailing supply without truly knowing what the market could actually bear.
The Board places blame on the retail applicants for delaying the process but there exists the strong possibility that interest in pursuing the business is waning among investors. The regulatory scheme, especially when seen from a producer point of view, puts greater emphasis on well capitalized investors due to the costs of opening. Those entities tend to have greater ability to analyze the market and the cost/benefit of pursuing incorporation. If their research indicates the investment is not viable, they likely will choose to walk away. Since this leaves the possibility of small business leading the growth, the upstart costs and lack of resources to contest legal barriers by municipalities and addressing often inconsistent directives from the Board could also prove to be dissuasive. The lack of entry by small entrepreneurs into the market could be significant in forming niche markets and diversity.
Time will be ultimately reveal the trend with more certainty, but unless some fundamental changes are made the full statewide implementation of legalized marijuana could be in jeopardy.
By Darren Smith
The views expressed in this posting are the author’s alone and not those of the blog, the host, or other weekend bloggers. As an open forum, weekend bloggers post independently without pre-approval or review. Content and any displays or art are solely their decision and responsibility.
29 thoughts on “Washington Marijuana Industry Showing Signs Of Unraveling”
“Looks like I picked the wrong week to quit amphetamines!”
It would be interesting to see an analysis of how smoothly repeal of alcohol prohibition went in the state and compare it to pot “legalization”. Of course, the bureaucratic administrative welfare state was only an infant when alcohol prohibition was repealed, so I suspect it was a smooth transition. With marijuana it’s now been two years and according to the author the regs are so stifling they’re still struggling to make it work. Two years.
This is a link to a related article from the Seattle Times:
“Rocky start for state’s pot stores — only one in Seattle”
This begs the question: why are voters rushing to legalize when the fine print hasn’t been settled? DC is about to legalize, but the ballot measure leaves the details to local government to figure out. You can possess, you can grow–but nothing is said about who can sell and how it will be regulated. This is pretty much the issue everywhere. Jump first. Figure out where to land when you’re 1000 feet in the air.
Max-1 – I have the movie in my Netflix queue. 🙂 I have 66 items in my queue, so I am a little behind getting to it, several great tv series in there.
Outlaw tobacco so that only outlaws have tobacco and only outlaws are committing suicide.
Most do not grow apple trees in the yard, just useless grass they cut every three days annoying neighbors and never go on. Then, the chaos of an apple orchard ensues and they wind up buying eight dollar apples and a sixty dollar pepper grinder. Go Squeeky! Go Squeeky! Really, go. It’s a plant. It can grow in the dirt–the brown stuff that isn’t concrete.
I agree with this part of your comment:
“Make all drugs legal. Prosecute behavior”
Errr – comment caught in the spam filter?
wrxdave, I checked the spam filter and did not see anything. I don’t know what happened.
That’s right. We have to get rid of the bias and prejudice of welfare and affirmative action. Free markets in the private sector without unions and a level playing field that isn’t tilted in anyone’s direction and doesn’t provide an unfair advantage to any party.
End the “Reefer Madness” funded by the taxpayer.
Make all drugs legal. Prosecute behavior. And obtain education and employment without affirmative action. Smoke your weed, at school and at home, without welfare, rent control, social services, WIC, obamacare, etc., at your own expense.
Amen! We got enough stupid people in America as it is, without intentionally creating some more.
Well said, Jason.
Darn right Squeeky. We’ve got to keep our families safe from the influence of the devil weed or getting sucked into speakeasies where they might hear the negro jazz.
They do not call it “Reefer Madness” for nothing!!!
At the end of the day, marijuana remains illegal under Federal law. That’s a major issue.
Oh my, this will surely upset all the dope fiends.
But .. but .. but .. isn’t Washington a capitalistic state?
The govt. can screw up a wet dream!!
Darren, You are the hardest working GBer here by far. Thanks for all you do.
Tax-n-Regulate is a trap, but nobody listens. The power to tax is the power to destroy. That’s how this mess got started:
It was a prohibition masquerading as a tax. This stuff just empowers bureaucrats, the same ones who have been enriching themselves by throwing our people in prison, for decades now. Just Legalize.
Cautionary tale of how government can stifle progress.
Bureaucrats never seem to get the concept of ROI – we put up our money, we expect to get our money back plus a return.
Since bureaucrats live off the largesse of the tax payer, they start thinking that everything in life should be free to them.
Must be great to be paid/rewarded for being a roadblock – the rest of us have to produce to earn a living.
Comments are closed.